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The fastest rise of diabetes in children and adolescents of the United States is seen among racial/ethnic minority groups

0 3 years ago

The report Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012 published in the New England Journal of Medicine found a significant increase in new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youths (0 to 19 years of age) from the five major racial/ethnic groups in the United States: non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans. It found that the rise of diabetes was particularly high among youths of minority racial and ethnic groups.

The study found that type 1 diabetes increased among Hispanic youths (0 to 19 years of age) significantly more than among non-Hispanic white youths. New diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes (10 to 19 years of age) were the highest in Native Americans, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and non-Hispanic blacks. Note: The rates for Native Americans cannot be generalized to all Native American youth nationwide.

Model-Adjusted Incidence Estimates | Shown are model-adjusted incidence estimates per 100,000 youths. The incidence of type 1 diabetes was assessed among participants who were 0 to 19 years of age, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes among participants who were 10 to 19 years of age. P values are for the linear trend tests in each racial or ethnic group, according to type of diabetes. Significant results suggest a positive annual rate of increase during the study period. Source

Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes because it is the most common form of diabetes in children and adolescents. It is an autoimmune disease in which the body fails to secrete insulin. Since it occurs during childhood, type 1 diabetes lessens the quality of life as well as life expectancy. Type 1 diabetics are at much higher risk of cardiovascular disease and other complications than healthy patients.

Type 2 diabetes has historically been an adult disease but there has been an alarming increase in youths globally. It can be said that type 2 diabetes is a dietary and lifestyle disease; age and obesity increase the risks associated with this disease.

This study emphasizes that diagnoses of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in youths present a substantial clinical and public health burden owing to the challenges of disease management and the risks of acute and chronic complications. The stark racial-ethnic disparities in the rates of diabetes development in the United States raise critical questions of how this growing disease burden must be addressed and what approaches need to be identified to reduce the disparities.

#Diabetes_Children #Type1Diabetes #Type2Diabetes

Header Photo by Ben Wicks on Unsplash

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