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Everything You Need to Know About Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

0 2 years ago

Your blood sugar is considered low when it drops below 70 mg/dL.

Hypoglycemia is most common in people with diabetes. Taking too much medication (specifically sulfonylureas or insulin), skipping meals, not eating enough, or exercising more than usual can lead to low blood sugar if you have diabetes.

In rare cases, hypoglycemia may be a result of other conditions or some types of drugs.

This article will take a closer look at hypoglycemia, as well as the symptoms and treatment and how to prevent your blood sugar from dropping too low.

About blood sugar (glucose)

Blood sugar is also known as glucose. Glucose comes from food and serves as an important energy source for your body. Carbohydrates — found in foods such as rice, potatoes, bread, tortillas, cereal, fruit, vegetables, and milk — are your body’s main source of glucose.

After you eat, glucose is absorbed into your bloodstream, where it travels to your body’s cells. A hormone called insulin, which is made in your pancreas, helps your cells absorb the glucose (sugar) in your blood. Your cells then use the glucose for energy.

If you eat more glucose than you need, your body will store the extra glucose in your liver and muscles or change it into fat so it can be used for energy when it’s needed later.

If your cells don’t get glucose, your body can’t perform its normal functions. In the short term, people who aren’t on medications that increase insulin have enough glucose to maintain blood sugar levels, and the liver can make glucose if needed.

However, if you take insulin medication, a short-term reduction in blood glucose can cause problems. In this situation, immediate treatment for low blood sugar levels is very important to prevent more serious symptoms from developing.


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