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THE ROLE OF CO-INFECTIONS

0 2 years ago

While Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne illness in the country, other diseases are increasingly being reported.

Co-infections can be challenging to diagnose, as clinical features often overlap with many of the other tick-borne diseases, including Lyme disease. However, the importance of identifying and treating polymicrobial infections is critical in getting a patient well.

Practitioners should consider co-infections in the diagnosis when a patient’s symptoms are severe, persistent, and resistant to antibiotic therapy. Physicians have found that co-infections typically exacerbate Lyme disease symptoms.

Several of the most common tick-borne infections are described below. The list is not all-inclusive, as new diseases continue to be discovered.

BABESIA

There are over 100 known species of Babesia, a parasite, but only a few warrant concern for humans. Most cases involve Babesia microti and Babesia duncani. The severity of Babesiosis infections can vary.

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