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What to know about ADHD and ODD

0 2 years ago

According to a 2017 study, more than half of people with ADHD also have ODD.

Although the two conditions often occur together they are notably different neurodevelopmental disorders. They have different symptoms, treatments, and diagnoses.

Read more to learn about what ADHD and ODD are, their connection, and their similarities and differences.

What are ADHD and ODD?

ADHD and ODD are neurodevelopmental disorders that frequently occur together.

ADHD

ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in children. A person with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, be overly active, and be unable to control their impulses.

According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), about 8.4% of children and 2.5% of adults have ADHD.

Doctors usually diagnose this condition during childhood. Parents or teachers may notice that a child has difficulty focusing on their schoolwork.

Although many children display characteristics resembling ADHD — such as an inability to sit still for long periods — symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity are much more noticeable in children with ADHD. Usually, a child will cause disruptions at school and at home.

In adults, symptoms may present differently. For example, hyperactivity may present as extreme restlessness. Symptoms may also increase due to the demands of adulthood.

The APA divides ADHD into three diagnosable categories:

  • Inattentive type: People with the inattentive type of ADHD may be easily distracted, seem to not pay attention, and overlook details.
  • Hyperactive/impulsive type: A person with this type of ADHD may appear fidgety, talk excessively, and be constantly active. They may also act reckless and frequently interrupt others.
  • Combined type: People with this type will have symptoms of both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive ADHD.

ODD

ODD causes irritability and anger, and children with the disorder may act disobedient or defiant. It usually begins. before 8 years of age, but typically no later than 12.

According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1–16% of children and adolescents have ODD.

The condition can continue into adulthood, especially if no one diagnoses or treats it. However, doctors rarely diagnose adults with ODD.

A child with ODD may come across as resentful or spiteful, argue with adults often, and lose their temper often. They are more likely to act defiant or oppositional around the people they know best, such as family members and teachers.

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