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What to know about urinary tract infection (UTI) tests

0 2 years ago

UTIs are among the most commonly diagnosed infections, affecting approximately 150 million

people worldwide each year. Bacterial infections cause most UTIs, but some occur due to viruses or fungi.

This article discusses the types, causes, symptoms, and treatment of UTIs. It also looks at medical tests and home tests, including how to interpret the results.

Doctors categorize UTIs as uncomplicated or complicated.

Uncomplicated UTIs typically affect individuals who have no urinary tract abnormalities. Complicated UTIs are associated with factors that compromise the urinary tract, including renal failure or pregnancy.

There are three different types of UTIs, which affect different parts of the urinary tract:

  • Urethritis: This infection is in the urethra.
  • Cystitis: This type of UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urethra and travel to the bladder.
  • Pyelonephritis: This infection in the kidneys usually occurs due to bacteria traveling up the urethra.

The symptoms of UTIs can vary between adults and children.

In adults, the most common symptoms include:

  • pain while urinating
  • frequent urination
  • inability to urinate
  • sudden onset of the need to urinate

Children with a UTI may have a high fever, feel unwell, or wet themselves.

Learn more about other symptoms of UTIs.


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